Artwork: Guiding Light, Photomontage by Keba Armand Konte
“There’s a new Civil Rights Movement emerging in the twenty-first century: The movement for Regional Equity”
MIT PRESS 2009 PODCAST
W E B P A G E T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S
The emerging metropolitan regional equity movement promotes innovative policies to ensure that all communities in a metropolitan region share resources and opportunities equally. Too often, low-income communities and communities of color bear a disproportionate burden of pollution and lack access to basic infrastructure and job opportunities. The metropolitan regional equity movement–sometimes referred to as a new civil rights movement–works for solutions to these problems that take into account entire metropolitan regions: the inner city core, the suburbs, and exurban areas. This book describes current efforts to create sustainable communities with attention to the “triple bottom line”: economy, environment, and equity and argues that these three interests are mutually reinforcing.
After placing the movement in its historical, racial, and class context, Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis offers case studies in which activists’ accounts alternate with policy analyses. These describe efforts in Detroit, New York City, San Francisco, New Orleans, Atlanta, Camden, Chicago, Los Angeles, and other metropolitan areas to address such problems as vacant property, brownfields, affordable housing, accessible transportation, community food security, and the aftermath of Katrina and September 11. The volume concludes by considering future directions for the movement, including global linkages devoted to such issues as climate change.Contributors: Carl Anthony, Angela Glover Blackwell, Robert D. Bullard, Sheryll Cashin, Kizzy Charles-Guzmán, Don Chen, Celine d’Cruz, Amy Dean, Hattie Dorsey, Cynthia Duncan, Juliet Ellis, Danny Feingold, Deeohn Ferris, Kenneth Galdston, Greg Galluzzo, Howard Gillette, David Goldberg, Robert Gottlieb, Bart Harvey, William A. Johnson, Jr., Chris Jones, Van Jones, Anupama Joshi, Bruce Katz, Vicki Kovari, Mike Kruglik, Steve Lerner, Greg Leroy, Amy Liu, Stephen McCullough, Mary Nelson, Jeremy Nowak, Myron Orfield, Manuel Pastor, M. Paloma Pavel, john a. powell, Cheryl Rivera, Faith Rivers, Nicholas Ronderos, Rachel Rosner, David Rusk, Priscilla Salant, David Satterthwaite, Ellen Schneider, Peggy Shepard, L. Benjamin Starrett, Jennie Stephens, Elizabeth Tan, Petra Todorovich, Andrea Torrice, Mark Vallianatos, and Robert Yaro
Paloma Pavel. Ph.D., Editor. Paloma Pavel is President of Earth House Inc, and co-founder of the Earth House Leadership Center. In recent years she served as Director of Strategic Communications for the Sustainable Metropolitan Communities Initiative at the Ford Foundation. Pavel’s academic background includes graduate study at the London School of Economics and Harvard University. Her research at the London School of Economics addressed South African economics in the pre- and post-Apartheid eras. Her dissertation (Organizational Culture and Leadership) was part of a five-year study by the Carnegie Foundation on the workplace in America, which culminated in the publication Good Work. She regularly teaches at many Bay Area institutions, including California Institute for Integral Studies, where she co-chaired the graduate degree program in Organizational Development. With Prof. Robert Gottlieb of Occidental College, she co-edits the Sustainable Metropolitan Communities Books series at MIT Press. Pavel is a frequent lecturer and keynote presenter nationally and internationally on the theory of living systems and urban sustainability. As an international consultant, she works with individuals, communities, and organizations, focusing on strategic planning, strategic communications and leadership development.
Foreword by Carl Anthony. Carl Anthony is co-founder of the Earth House Leadership Center in Oakland, CA. His responsibilities in recent years have included an appointment as Ford Foundation Senior Fellow and Visiting Scholar in the Department of Geography at the University of California at Berkeley. Prior to that position, he served as Acting Director of the Community and Resource Development Unit at the Ford Foundation, where he directed the Foundation’s Sustainable Metropolitan Communities Initiative and the Regional Equity Demonstration. Carl funded the national Conversation on Regional Equity (CORE), a dialogue of national policy analysts and advocates for new metropolitan racial justice strategies. Prior to joining the Foundation he was Co-Chair of the Bay Area Alliance for Sustainable Development (BAASD). BAASD is a multi stake holder collaborative bringing together business leadership, environmental groups, social advocacy groups, labor, faith based organizations, elected and other public officials to build a consensus on how the region of 6.5 million, and over 100 jurisdictions, should grow. He was Founder and was, for 12 years, Executive Director of the Urban Habitat Program. The mission of Urban Habitat is to promote multicultural urban environmental leadership for sustainable, socially just communities in the San Francisco Bay Area. With his colleague Luke Cole at the California Rural Legal Assistance Foundation, he founded and published the Race, Poverty and the Environment Journal, the only environmental justice periodical in the United States.
TABLE OF CONTENTS (with sample chapters)
Series Foreword — Robert Gottlieb << click to download PDF Foreword — Carl Anthony << click to download PDF Introduction — M. Paloma Pavel << click to download PDF Part I: Roots of the Regional Equity Movement and the Reinterpretation of Metropolitan Space Part l, Section 1: Moving Beyond Apartheid in the Next American Metropolis 1. From Bootstrap Community Development to Regional Equity Cynthia M. Duncan 2. Scaling Up: Regional Equity and the Revitalization of Progressive Politics Angela Glover Blackwell and Manuel Pastor 3. Reinterpreting Metropolitan Space as a Strategy for Social Justice john a. powell Part I, Section 2: Environment, Transportation, and Land Use in the Quest for Racial Justice 4. The Roots of Environmental Justice Peggy M. Shepard and Kizzy Charles-Guzmán 5. Addressing Urban Transportation Equity in the United States Robert D. Bullard 6. Race, Class, and Real Estate Sheryll Cashin Part I, Section 3: Geographic Context, Sustainability, and Regional Equity 7. Development and Opportunity in Small Towns and Rural Communities Cynthia M. Duncan and Priscilla Salant 8. Katrina Is Everywhere: Lessons from the Gulf Coast Amy Liu and Bruce Katz 9. Growing Together, or Growing Apart? Central Labor Councils and Regional Equity (San Francisco Bay Area) Amy B. Dean Part II: Breakthrough Communities: Stories and Strategies in the Quest for Regional Equity Part II, Section 1: Saying No to Forces Destroying the Community 10. Rekindling Hope in Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) David Goldberg 11. Closing the Gaps: The National Vacant Properties Campaign (Cleveland, Ohio) Don Chen 12. Neighbors Building Neighborhoods: Community Stewardship to Revitalize Midsize Cities (Rochester, New York) Mayor William A. Johnson, Jr. 13. Transforming Brownfield Communities: The Naugatuck Valley Project (Connecticut) Kenneth Galdston Part II, Section 2 Getting Grounded in Place, Time, and Community 14. Community Activism for Creative Rebuilding of Neighborhoods (Chicago, Illinois) Mary Nelson and Stephen McCullough 15. Opportunity-based Housing in Atlanta (Atlanta, Georgia) Steve Lerner 16. A Regional Approach to Affordable Housing Hattie Dorsey 17. Preserving Heirs’ Property in Coastal South Carolina (Charleston, South Carolina) Faith R. Rivers and Jennie Stephens Part II, Section 3: Exploring New Horizons: Connecting Local Struggles to Global and Regional Stories 18. LAX Rising (Los Angeles, California) Danny Feingold 19. Community Benefits Agreements: A Strategy for Renewing Our Cities (Los Angles, California) Greg LeRoy 20. Reshaping a Region After September 11 (New York Metro Region) Robert Yaro, Chris Jones, Petra Todorovich, and Nicolas Ronderos 21. Faith-based Organizing for Metro Equity in Detroit Victoria Kovari 22. Values, Vision, and Message: The Spirit of Metro Equity Greg Galluzzo, Mike Kruglik, and Reverend Cheryl Rivera Part II, Section 4: Saying Yes: Framing Regional Collaborations to Win 23. Bridging the Bay: University-Community Collaborations (San Francisco Bay Area) Manuel Pastor, Rachel Rosner, Juliet Ellis, and Elizabeth Tan 24. Poor City, Rich Region: Confronting Poverty in Camden From Dependency to Sustainability in Camden, New Jersey Howard Gillette, Jr. The ‘‘Inside Game’’: A Reinvestment Strategy Jeremy Nowak The ‘‘Outside Game’’: Can Faith Move Mountainless New Jersey? David Rusk 25. Farms to Schools: Promoting Urban Health, Combating Sprawl, and Advancing Community Food Systems (Southern California) Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos, and Anupama Joshi Part III: Regional Equity and the Future of Sustainable Metropolitan Communities Part III, Section 1: Building the Capacity of the Regional Equity Movement 26. Building the Capacity of the Regional Equity Movement Angela Glover Blackwell and L. Benjamin Starrett Part III. Section 2: Reaching Out to New Strategic Partners 27. Business, Grass Roots, and the Regional Agenda Bart Harvey 28. Measuring Success: Using Metrics in Support of Regional Equity David Rusk 29. Networking for Social Justice: The African American Forum on Race and Regionalism Deeohn Ferris 30. Sharing the New Story: Regional Equity and Strategic Media Andrea Torrice and Ellen Schneider Part III, Section 3: Uncovering Global Linkages for Sustainable Metropolitan Communities 31. Climate Change and the Quest for Regional Equity Van Jones 32. A Global Perspective: Community-driven Solutions to Urban Poverty Celine d’Cruz and David Satterthwaite Part III, Section 4: Beyond Segregation: Toward a Shared Vision of Our Regions 33. Beyond Segregation: Toward a Shared Vision of Our Regions Myron Orfield Part IV Resources Bibliography Contributor Biographies Authors’ Organizations Index
What people are saying about Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis
“As we re-imagine the future of our cities and of the planet, Breakthrough Communities offers proven strategies that demonstrate that every voices matters. These are grounded visions of hope and possibility, where social justice forges a new road for economic and environmental sustainability.” –Danny Glover“Breakthrough Communities showcases some of the most brilliant, innovative and creative thinkers of our time. Their innovative ideas and solutions enable us to re-imagine, not just the future of our communities and our cities, but of our planet as well.” –Belvie Rooks, Board, Ella Baker Center for Human Rights “Major changes in our society often are not recognized nor understood when they are occurring. Breakthrough Communities speaks to one of these: the rapid shift from seeing the metropolitan areas as a collection of legal-political jurisdictions to an understanding of the metropolis as competing, often conflicting, sometimes cooperating communities moving toward emerging visions of equity and shared prosperity in an extraordinary diverse world. These are stories of successes in taking important steps to realize that vision. They are stories told by actual leaders in the struggles. They tell of strategies of change that work. As such this book is a must read for advocacy leaders, elected officials and average citizens trying to understand their communities” – Parris N. Glendening Governor of Maryland (1995-2003) President, Smart Growth Leadership Institute “Occasionally there are books that reframe the way we think and act — and this is one of them. By seeing through a regional lens, it reveals the essential topography of our social structure and the superstructure of our environmental impacts. America’s most vexing challenges and golden opportunities lie in reshaping this topography and rethinking its superstructure at a regional scale. Writing here are the leaders of a movement that will change how we address social issues and transform public policy in a systemic way. Its range and insight is breathtaking — essential reading for all concerned with social justice and environmental health.” –Peter Calthorpe Principal, Calthorpe and Associates, author of The Next American Metropolis “For too long we have ignored the gap between livable cities and sustainable land use. Through stories and strategies this book weaves new possibilities for envisioning and rebuilding our urban landscape. This is a remarkable book – indeed indispensable for charting our way forward.”; –Mary Evelyn Tucker Yale University, Forum on Religion and Ecology “Breakthrough Communities is an inspiring window on the metropolitan regional-equity movement. This book offers a series of paths that lead us away from the despair and decline of the past, to a 21st century marked by hope, renewal, and transformation. Pavel and her colleagues show us what is actually working and what can work in cities and regions in the pursuit of racial, economic, and environmental justice. This is a powerful invitation to a world that I am aching to be a part of.”; –David Naguib Pellow Author of Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice and Professor of Sociology, University of Minnesota “Here is the promise hidden in the turmoil of our time. The dead-end poverty and pollution of the urban wasteland can yield to the vision of a vital metropolis. For real-life accounts of collaborative strategies that fulfill this promise, read the stories in this book.” – Joanna Macy Author of World as Lover, World as Self “An epic work of vital importance to the future of America . Provides an essential and practical answer to the growing racial and class divide — the otherwise missing demographic and geographic piece of the new economy agenda.” – David Korten Board chair, YES! magazine and author of The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community and Agenda for a New Economy. “Often what a visionary does is not to see the future as such, but to recognize the seeds of a possible future in the present. In Breakthrough Communities, Carl Anthony and Paloma Pavel not only saw such seeds — they have cultivated them. The result is a truly visionary work in which multiple positive futures are nested in a “solve-the-whole-problem” approach. Certainly it’s a lighthouse that illuminates how cities — the make-it-or-break factor for environmental restoration — are perhaps the most fertile living laboratories of both ecological and social innovation. Certainly it illuminates the historic convergence of the two mighty rivers of the environmental and social justice movements. Certainly it illuminates how multi-cultural alliances and leadership by people of color are permanently changing the landscape of environmentalism. But more than all this, Breakthrough Communities shines with the radiant inner light of humanity that’s sparking the change of heart that can truly change the course of civilization. Future generations will look back on Breakthrough Communities as the seedlings of a true revolution.” – Kenny Ausubel Founder and Coexecutive Director of Bioneers
BOOK REVIEW BACK TO TOP
- Stimulate All of America! A review of Breakthrough Communities.
- Facing criticism about continued job losses, President Obama recently announced a “summer speedup” for his stimulus plan. But creating more jobs faster is not enough by itself. We need answers to the following questions too: who exactly will get stimulated, when the rubber hits the road? Why? And how will the way the money is spent alter our common destiny? The answers to these questions will affect us all.(1)
Susan C. Strong, Ph.D., is the founder and executive director of The Metaphor Project. The Metaphor Project has been helping progressives mainstream their messages by “speaking American” since 1996. Many “speaking American” resources and guides are available free of charge at: http://www.metaphorproject.org/An shorter, less complete version of this article appeared on Daily Kos on 6.18.09 and was also forwarded to The Metaphor Project’s Network of member subscribers on that date.
- (1) The phrase “our common destiny” has been found to help foster positive outcomes and reduce conflict among diverse stakeholders in regional equity organizing, says Professor Chris Benner, co-author with Manuel Pastor and Martha Matsuoka, of This Could Be The Start of Something Big: How Social Movements for Regional Equity Are Reshaping Metropolitan America, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 2009.
- (2) See the Fall, 2008 issue of Race, Poverty & The Environment (Volume 15, #2).
- (3) Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis, edited by M. Paloma Pavel, Foreword by Carl Anthony, MIT Press, 2009, Cambridge, MA, 411 pp. This book can be preordered now via the MIT Press website .
- (4) See the Compass for Transformative Leadership, available at http://www.earthhousecenter.org under Services.
- (5) Manuel Pastor et al., Regions That Work: How Cities and Suburbs Can Grow Together, University of Minnesota Press, 2000.
- (6) Four key sources support the statements in this paragraph:
- a. “Bringing Home the Green Recovery,” a paper available from http://www.Greenforall.org
- b. “Stimulus for Whom?” available at http://www.policylink.org
- c. “Economic Recovery for Everyone: Racial Equity and Prosperity,” prepared by the Center for Social Inclusion, a project of the Tides Center, available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/12535872/
- d. “The Stimulus: What If We’re Not Shovel Ready?” by Heidi Pickman, on the blog at http://www.Apolloalliance.org
A Project of Earth House Center For information contact Paloma Pavel, Ph.D. Phone: (510) 652-2425 Ext. 2 — E-mail: Connect[at]EarthHouseCenter.org Website: www.EarthHouseCenter.org 5275 Miles Avenue — Oakland, CA 94618 — (510) 652-2425